Selective Photoelectrochemical Reduction of Aqueous CO2 to CO by Solvated Electrons

TitleSelective Photoelectrochemical Reduction of Aqueous CO2 to CO by Solvated Electrons
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsZhang, LH, Zhu, D, Nathanson, GM, Hamers, RJ
JournalAngewandte Chemie-International Edition
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1433-7851
Keywordscarbon dioxide, CARBON-DIOXIDE, CONVERSION, diamond, ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION, mechanism, PHOTOCATALYSIS, photochemistry, POTENTIALS, RADICALS, reduction, surface chemistry, surfaces, WATER

Reduction of CO2 by direct one-electron activation is extraordinarily difficult because of the -1.9V reduction potential of CO2. Demonstrated herein is reduction of aqueous CO2 to CO with greater than 90% product selectivity by direct one-electron reduction to CO2.- by solvated electrons. Illumination of inexpensive diamond substrates with UV light leads to the emission of electrons directly into water, where they form solvated electrons and induce reduction of CO2 to CO2.-. Studies using diamond were supported by studies using aqueous iodide ion (I-), a chemical source of solvated electrons. Both sources produced CO with high selectivity and minimal formation of H2. The ability to initiate reduction reactions by emitting electrons directly into solution without surface adsorption enables new pathways which are not accessible using conventional electrochemical or photochemical processes.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000342678200001
Short TitleAngew. Chem.-Int. Edit.