Amino-terminated diamond surfaces: Photoelectron emission and photocatalytic properties
|Title||Amino-terminated diamond surfaces: Photoelectron emission and photocatalytic properties|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Zhu, D, Bandy, JA, Li, S, Hamers, RJ|
|Keywords||Amine, Amino, diamond, Electron emission, PHOTOCATALYSIS, Solvated electrons|
We report a new approach to making stable negative electron-affinity diamond surfaces by terminating diamond with amino groups (also known as amine groups, —NH2). Previous studies have shown that negative electron affinity can be induced by terminating diamond surfaces with hydrogen, creating a surface dipole favorable toward electron emission. Here, we demonstrate that covalent tethering of positive charges in the form of protonated amino groups, —NH3+, also leads to negative electron affinity (NEA) and facile electron emission into vacuum and into water. Amino-terminated diamond was prepared using a very mild plasma discharge. Valence-band photoemission studies of the amino-terminated diamond samples show a characteristic “NEA” peak, demonstrating that the amino-terminated surface has NEA. Diamond's ability to emit electrons into water was evaluated using photochemical conversion of N2 to NH3. Time-resolved surface photovoltage studies were used to characterize charge separation at the diamond interface, and Mott–Schottky measurements were performed to characterize band-bending at the diamond–water interface. XPS studies show that the amino-terminated surfaces provide increased chemical resistance to oxidation compared with H-terminated diamond when illuminated with ultraviolet light.
|Short Title||Surface Science|